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Wednesday, August 2, 2017

Luxor temples and museums

There are 6 temple in luxor (ancient Thebes) Temple of Seti I at Gurnah, the Temple of Hatshepsut at Deir el Bahri, the Temple of Ramesses II (a.k.a. Ramesseum), and the Temple of Ramesses III at Medinet Habu; and the two primary cults temples on the east bank are known as the Karnak and Luxor. As we will find more than one temple in every temple ,  Luxor city was  has frequently been characterized as the "world's greatest open-air museum"

El Karnak Temple

The Temple of Amun in Egypt, unusually, is built along two axis running both east-west and north-south. It's construction took place over many centuries, and at the command of many different Egyptian kings, the temple reconstructed for 1500 years by the kings , its a mix of decayed temples, chapels, pylons, and other buildings. Building at the complex began during the reign of Senusret I in the Middle Kingdom and continued into the Ptolemaic period, although most of the extant buildings date from the New Kingdom.One of the rooms to the southwest of the pillared hall once contained a table of kings which listed the names of 62 kings and is now in the Louvre in Paris.

The Temple of Karnak was built by senusret I in karnak region known as Ipet-isut, ‘The most select of places’ , is the largest Temple in the World! The complex contains a group of Temples such as the Great Temple of Amon Ra, The Temple of Khonso, The Ipt Temple, The Temple of Ptah,Temple of Ramses III, the Temple of Montho and the Temple of the God Osiris. A 20m high, mud brick enclosure wall, surrounded all of these buildings.

On your way towards the entrance you will find a ram-headed avenue of Sphinxes, which was built to protect the Temple.statues of Ramses II and Tuthmosis III.The avenue stretched from the Karnak  Temple to the Luxor Temple for a distance of 2 miles (3 km).

Karnak Temple divided into the three sections Bunson mentions above and dedicated to Amun, his consort Mut who symbolized the life-giving rays of the sun, and their son Khonsu, the moon god. These three gods became known as the Theban Triad and would be the most popular gods until the cult of Osiris with its triad of Osiris, Isis

Price per person : 80 EGP
It will be a good deal from USD to EGP , check converter
Open time : 6 AM
Closed time :9 PM
Time to visit : winter season
How to drive to el karnak temple from luxor city
Via Mabad al karnak 21 min.
Head east toward Television
Continue on Television. Drive from Mabad Al Karnak to El-Karnak
Drive to your destination

Luxor Temple

The second temple in the same region (the ancient thebes ) is luxor temple which also constructed for 1400 years by different kings ,The temple was built by Amenhotep III (1390-52 BC) but completed by Tutankhamun (1336-27 BC) and Horemheb (1323-1295 BC) and then added to by Rameses II (1279-13 BC). Toward the rear is a granite shrine dedicated to Alexander the Great (332-305 BC).

Ramses II built the pylon (the large wall in the background), and six statues of himself.  The sphinxes along the “Avenue of Sphinxes” were built by Nectanebo I, and replaced the ram-headed sphinxes built by Amenhotep III.  The avenue stretched from the Luxor Temple to the Karnak Temple for a distance of 2 miles (3 km).

The name Opet or Harem given to the temple from its rooms as we find niches that contained the statues of other divinities. These innermost parts of the temple stood on a low mound which was thought by the ancient Egyptians to be either the original site of creation,the mound which rose from the primeval waters, or at least symbolic of that place. Hence, the roles of the chief gods Amun and Re and the concepts of creation and cyclic solar renewal were here particularly intertwined.

Amenhotep III also added a sun court to the front of the temple and a colonnade to the front of the sun court.Ramesses II also built Luxor’s entrance pylon. The two obelisks and the colossal statues in front of the pylon also date to his reign. One of the obelisks and several statues are now in Paris. Ramesses II added his name to several older statues and rebuilt portions of the temple.
Amenhotep III built the temple proper, at the south end of the site in three phases, including the colonnade, the big second courtyard and the hypostyle hall. The processional colonnade of Amenhotep III runs for some 100 meters with seven papyrus columns on either side standing 19 meters high (62 ft 3 in). Two seated double statues of Amun and Mut are on the south side.

In the 14th century, a mosque was built in one of the interior courts for the local sheikh (holy man) Abu al-Haggag. Excavation works, begun in 1885, have cleared away the village and debris of centuries to uncover what can be seen of the temple today, but the mosque remains and has recently been restored after a fire

Price per person : 60 EGP
It will be a good deal from USD to EGP , check converter
Open time : 6 AM
Closed time : 10 PM
Time to visit : winter season
How to walk to luxor temple from luxor city
Turn left onto Abd El-Hameed El-Omda till you reach khaled ebn el waleed ,Turn right onto Khaled Ibn Al Walid , At El Mesaha Square, take the 3rd exit onto Kornish Al Nile , then to luxor temple

Luxor museum

Luxor museum first opened 1975 the museum illustrates the period from prehistoric era to the Islamic era It stands on the corniche, overlooking the west bank of the River Nile , royal mummies of Ahmose I and Ramses I that were added to the museum in 2004.

The museum consists of two floor in which the statues papyrus & ancient art , military weapons used during the new kingdom period & some islamic dishes & other items from mamluk period chariots  , the main items that you will find are :
-statues of the crocodile god, Sobek that was brought from his temple in Kom Ombo
-statue of statue of The Napoleon of Ancient Egypt, Thutmose III.
-A huge head of a statue of Akhenaton wearing a double crown
-Head of a cow goddess,  From the tomb of Tutankamun
-Colossal head of Amenhotep III, from his funerary temple in Thebes
-There is also the remaining of the walls of the temple of Amenhotep IV that once stood high in the city of Luxor
-the mud brick walls of the Temple of Akhenaton (1347 -1364 BC)small sandstone blocks named talatat
-Statue of Amenhotep, son of Hapu, from Thebes
-Akhenaten statue, from Karnak
-Statue of Rameses III, from Karnak
-Statue of the goddess Iunyt, from Luxor Temple
-Statue of Amenhotep III, from Luxor Temple
-Horemheb before Amun, from Luxor Temple

Price per person : 100 EGP
It will be a good deal from USD to EGP , check converter
Open time : 9 AM
Closed time : 10 PM
Time to visit : winter season
How to drive to luxor museum from luxor city
Via corniche el nile in 15 min.
Head east toward Television
Turn left at the 1st cross street onto Television
At the roundabout, continue straight onto Salah El-Deen
At El Mesaha Square, take the 1st exit onto Kornish Al Nile
Slight left to stay on Kornish Al Nile , you will find luxor museum

The Luxor Museum of Mummification

Museum consists of only one room, displayed exhibits and story boards which describe the process of mummification from beginning to end, as well as the religious customs associated with burials.

The purpose of mummification in ancient Egypt was to preserve the body of the deceased so that they could dwell in the afterlife, in the realm of the gods. The process began naturally when the ancient people discovered that bodies buried in the hot dry sand of Egypt would be preserved almost intact. Techniques were enhanced from very early times, using natron to dry out the body, removing certain organs and wrapping the remains tightly in bandages of linen, often covered with a thick resin. The peak of the art was reached by the end of the New Kingdom Period.

A collection of well-preserved mummy-cases, mostly from the dryer climate of Upper Egypt, is displayed in the entrance to the museum along with a statue of Anubis, the jackal-headed god who leads the dead into the underworld.

In glass cases inside the museum, many artifacts associated with the process are displayed with detailed descriptions of their use, including model funerary boats, amulets, wooden statuettes and a fine set of canopic jars. There are also animal mummies including a crocodile, a cat and a ram of Khnum with its gilded case from Elephantine.

Price per person : 50 EGP
It will be a good deal from USD to EGP , check converter
Open time : 10 AM
Closed time : 11 PM
Time to visit : winter season
How to drive to mummification museum from luxor city
Via corniche el nile 8 min.
Turn right onto El-Madina El-Monawara
Turn left onto El-Mahdi
Turn right at the 1st cross street onto Khaled Ibn Al Walid
At El Mesaha Square, take the 2nd exit onto Kornish Al Nile

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